In recent times, education systems worldwide have been adapting to the fast-paced technological advancements. India’s National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has emerged as a promising solution for the education sector in India. It identifies two crucial gaps in our education system and proposes reforms to transform how students learn.
The first gap is the lack of foundational literacy and numeracy skills, which the NEP aims to prioritize at the national level. The second gap is the prevalence of rote learning and rote-based assessments in schools, which hampers real learning.
Research shows that early learning outcomes, especially for low-income students, are strongly influenced by their family background and access to resources. Teachers often lack personalized tools and techniques for different students’ abilities. The focus has been on teachers imparting knowledge rather than identifying and addressing individual learning gaps.
Recent studies on Personalized Adaptive Learning software suggest that providing personalized remediation based on misconception research is highly effective in improving education outcomes.
To tackle the challenge of low learning levels, investing in the Science of Learning may hold the key. This field aims to create a knowledge base to continuously improve the quality of student learning. Like doctors accessing detailed health information, teachers could access information on how students learn, ensuring more effective and efficient learning experiences.
The Science of Learning will consist of a database that teachers and educational developers can use. It will include essential skills students need to develop, predictions of students’ overall learning progress, and specific learning gaps, errors, and misconceptions to overcome.
Introducing competency-based questions in assessments, as recommended by the NEP, can significantly impact assessment quality and inform teaching and learning methods. These questions will differentiate between rote learning and real understanding, helping teachers bridge learning gaps effectively. While it requires capacity-building, it promises to lead to more students learning with genuine comprehension.
India’s NEP 2020 and the Science of Learning are steps towards a brighter future for education, focusing on personalized learning and meaningful progress for all students.